The Roof Rat is also known as the Black Rat, the Ship Rat, the House Rat, and the Fruit Rat, like attics, trees, fences and anything off the ground they can climb on. They are one of the two major nuisance rat species in the world. The Norway Rat is also called the Brown Rat. The Roof Rat is the smaller of the two.
They can breed year-round, and produce litters of up to ten young up to five times per year. Both are omnivores, and will eat a wide variety of foods, but prefer grains. The Roof Rats tend to live in warmer areas, spending much of their time living above ground, while the Norways live in colder climates at ground level. Rats are typically a winter problem but regardless of the time, they can be a pester and health hazard. Rats can carry more than 60 communicable diseases including Hantavirus, leptospirosis, typhus and meningitis. Rats will try to go unseen but not unheard. They will let you know they are there with the gnawing, scratching and scampering across floors near the walls and find their way into your home or business through a hole in the wall. A rat can get through a hole in the wall the size of a quarter, if they can stick their head through it, they will fit.
Our rodent control program has four important steps:
- A thorough rodent inspection to identify the species, where they're nesting, and what factors are attracting them.
- Creating effective sanitation so that rodents such as rats and mice are denied both food and hiding places.
- Eliminating all potential entry points.
- Reducing the rodent population by exclusion, baiting, and trapping.